Full form of MLA?
MLA Full Form: –Member of the legislative assembly.
MP Full Form: –Member of Parliament.
So don’t be confused between these two terms as they have different meanings.
How are MLA elected?
MLA is a public representative who is elected by the voters of a constituency for the legislature of the state government. The members of the legislative assembly of any state are elected by the people of that legislative assembly. India which is a developing country, according to the Indian political system here the political lead system has been divided into 3 parts to run the administration: –
- Parliament of india and the central government.
- State legislative assembly (Vidhansabha) and the state government.
- Municipality municipal corporation at district or tehsil level.
Criteria & Eligibility to Become a MLA
Following are some basic criteria to become a member of the legislative assembly: –
- To become a candidate for the post of member of the legislative assembly he or she must have nationality of the country that is, you must be Indian citizen.
- He or she must have completed at least 25 years of age.
- He or she should be voter of any constituency.
- He or she should not be mad or bankrupt person mentally healthy.
Responsibility or obligations of a MLA
MLAs have different responsibilities according to their situations, some have more than one responsibility. For example, being a Member he or she can be a cabinet minister and also a chief minister.
Following are the basic responsibilities of MLA: –
- He represents the grievances and aspirants of the people and takes them to the state government.
- He or she must use several legislative means for the benefit of the members of his constituency.
- He should take up the local issues of his constituency with the state government.
- He should make optimum use of local area development (LAD) funds to develop his constituency.
- Elected the speaker and deputy speaker of the legislative assembly.
- Members of legislative assembly elected one-third of the members of the legislative council in states.
- He appoint the various committees to the house.
The Lok Sabha makes laws on matters those included in the union list and concurrent list and it also introduces and enacts money and non-money bills.
An M.L.A can exercise his legislative powers on the state list and as well as on the concurrent list.
State list deals with the following matters: –
- Local government
- Public health
- Trade and commerce
- Livestock and animal husbandry
- State public services
Concurrent list deals with the following matters: –
- Transfer of the property other than agricultural land
- Trade unions
- Adoption and succession
In the above article, we discussed MLA Full form, Eligibility criteria, Selection process, Responsibilities of MLA, and their legislative role. Hope this article will provide you with knowledge about our working of the legislative assembly.
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