Before you learn how to prepare for SSC JE Civil. You should know about STAFF SELECTION COMMISSION (SSC) Which Organizes recruitment examination every year for the post of junior engineer (civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and quantity surveying &contracts ), in the government of India some of these organizations and mentioned below and learn How to prepare for SSC-JE Civil:-

  • Central water commission
  • Central public works department (CPWD)
  • Military engineer services (MES)
  • Border road organization (BRO)
  • Central water and power research station
  • National technical research organization (NRTO)
  • Farraka barrage project

SSC JE Educational qualification

Bachelor’s degree or diploma in civil engineering from a recognized university /institution.

SSC JE Scheme of examination

The examination consists of two papers. paper Ist is a computer-based examination and paper II is a descriptive type. The detail of these papers are mentioned below: –

Paper’s /mode of examinationSubject  No. of questions/ maximum marksDuration  
Paper I (objective type) computer-based examination

General intelligence
General awareness
Part -A
General engineering (civil & structural)
2 hours
Part II (descriptive) Written  Part -B General engineering (civil & structural)  3002 hours

Paper I consist of objective type and multiple-choice questions only, the questions paper will be set in both languages i.e. English & Hindi.

There is a negative marking in paper I which is 0.25 marks i.e. of 0.25 marks will be deducted per each wrong answer.

Paper-II must be written either in Hindi or English. Partly written in Hindi and remaining in English will be given zero marks.


The level of the questions that will be asked in the examination will be having the difficulty level of diploma in engineering (ssc je civil engineering /electrical engineering / mechanical engineering) approximately. Questions are to be in S.I. units in ssc je preparation.


The following preparation plan will help you to prepare for ssc je electrical or civil.

Paper I consist of the following parts:

  • General intelligence
  • Reasoning
  • General awareness
  • Part – A General engineering (civil & structural engineering)

Paper I

General Intelligence & reasoning

In this section questions will be of the following types:

  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Non verbal Reasoning

Questions will also be asked from the following topics:

  1. Arithmetical reasoning
  2. Analogies
  3. Relationship concepts
  4. Observation
  5. Space visualizations
  6. Judgement
  7. Decision making
  8. Discrimination
  9. Problem solving
  10. Analysis
  11. Visual memory
  12. Verbal and figure classification
  13. Arithmetical number series
  14. Similarities
  15. Differences

In this section only consistent practice through the mock tests can increase the score in exam practice through the mock tests will improve the speed and eventually lead to a good attempt in this section.

General awareness

Questions will be broadly asked from the following topics: –

  • Current affairs relating to India and its neighboring countries.
  • History (ancient, medieval and modern history)
  • Indian culture
  • Geography
  • Economics
  • Indian constitutions
  • Science and technology
  • Awards /honours/ sports

The questions from the above topics will be fact-based static general knowledge part (history, geography, economics, Indian constitution) is very vast in scope and all of it cannot be covered in a short span of time it would be more useful to just keep revising whatever the candidate had studied till now and practicing mock test regularly. but the current affair part can be scoring.

A good reading of events/facts /awards/honors in news for the past 6-8 months should be sufficient. Again, cover this section by practicing mock questions. concise affairs from a good source can prove beneficial for the preparation of this section.


To crack any examination the detailed analysis of the previous year’s question papers is very important.

It gives an understanding of what the exam demands and how deep we need to go into concepts while studying. Therefore, we provide here analysis of the previous year exam and SSC JE civil syllabus with questions: –

TopicsNo. of questions
Building materials12-14
Soil mechanics7-9
Irrigation engineering5-6
Estimating costing and valuation  11-12
Environmental engineering6-8
Theory of structure6-8
Concrete technology4-6
Rcc design9-11
Transportation engineering8-11
Steel design4-6

Hydraulics: –

Memorize formulae, standard values, and basics definitions. Practice formula-based numerical questions. Prepare the “fluid mechanics” section thoroughly and for numerical questions in particular. Memorize units of various parameters. Remember basic terminologies and definitions.

Building materials: –

This subject is mostly theoretical and very few numerical questions are asked from this subject which are of moderate to tough difficulty level. Very minute factual details and names of IS codes should be memorized to score good marks in this subject.

Soil mechanics: –

Memorize formulae and basic definitions read various soil mechanics tests in detail. Index properties and interrelationship of different parameters is a very important section and few questions are asked every year from this section.

Irrigation engineering: –

Remember factual details overall a tough section due to the volume of facts that need to be memorized and constantly practiced. Regular practice and repeated revision are the keys to scoring good marks in this section.

Some formula-based numerical questions are also asked so also practice numerical questions but need not spend much time on it and prepare other sections which are scoring.

Estimating, Costing and valuation: –

Remember definitions and facts practice numerical questions. practice estimation methods thoroughly.

Environmental engineering:-

Remember standard values of water quality parameters understand various treatments processes and design of sewers thoroughly in particular. At last, remember standard definitions /factual details.

Theory of structures:-

Overall a very conceptual subject so remembering formulas can help to a certain extent but it is risky if one does not know the conceptual application. Therefore, understanding the concepts is the only option. Basic definitions should be memorized.


The most theoretical section needs to be covered memorize small factual details and formulae to prepare various methods of surveying and various surveying instruments in particular.

Concrete technology: –

for SSC JE Concrete mix design and properties of concrete should be prepared thoroughly in particular apart from memorizing factual details of other theoretical sections practice numerical questions on concrete mix design. This subject should be prepared after the preparation of most scoring subjects since the number of questions asked from this section are few.

RCC Design: –

The majority of questions are based on IS 456:2000. A very thorough reading of IS code should be done recommended design specifications from relevant sections in code should be memorized. overall a very conceptual subject and an understanding of design concepts is a must.

Steel design: –

A thorough reading of IS 800:2007 code must remember basic terminologies, facts, and design concepts. This subject should be prepared after the preparation of most scoring subjects since the number of questions asked from this section are few.


  • The person should give at least 6-7 hours for preparation.
    • The coaching is available for it in India for SSC JE. source of the coaching or institute are given below: –
  1. Made Easy     
  2. IES Master        
  3. Engineers academy   
  4. Gate Academy etc.
  • The coaching is available in online terms also the students who are far from coaching or doesn’t have enough time they can manage their time by online schedule for SSC JE.
  • Preparing most scoring subjects which have more weightage in question paper need to be prepared first.
  • If these subjects are prepared thoroughly candidate can score very good marks in paper I.
  • Practice as many mock tests as possible for SSC JE.
  • To know the status of preparation mock tests should be solved regularly.
  • Candidate will make many mistakes and improve in the next test.
  • In the process of solving mock tests regularly candidate will memorize all the formulae eventually.
  • Improving test score candidate should try to improve his/her score constantly.
  • Revision and analysis of mock test paper is crucial.
  • Every mock test should be analysed after exam 

Paper II

  • Paper II must be written either in Hindi or English. Partly written in Hindi and remaining in English will be given zero marks. This will be Subjective type.


  • Since most subjects require memorizing of basic definition/terminologies /formulae/factual, details, constant revision should be done by candidate to remember these.
  • There is little point in preparing if periodic revision is not done
  • Many times a candidate is not able to solve question in spite of having good understanding of subject, due to lack of revision, so constant revision is must for SSC JE


Mock tests help in managing time smartly in the actual exam. Every mock test should be taken seriously and attempted in an exam-like atmosphere.

If all the points mentioned above are followed, the candidate can score very good marks on paper I and increase his/her chances of selection significantly.

By Admin

Hey Myself Sanjeev full time civil engineer with a hobby of blogging in free time. I had developed this website to share some ideas, and knowledge to help the peoples.